Math anxiety: The relationship between parenting style and math self-efficacy

Moran S. Macmull, Sarit Ashkenazi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The goal of the current study is to examine the direct and indirect influences of parenting styles, math self-efficacy and the participants' sex on math anxiety. The research population included N=204 randomly selected participants, whose native language is Hebrew and were born in Israel. The participants filled out four measures that served as the research tools; a demographic questionnaire, a math anxiety questionnaire, a parenting style questionnaire about the mother of the child, and a math self-efficacy questionnaire. The research data concluded that there were strong correlations between the Authoritarian parenting style and math anxiety. The Authoritative parenting style had both a direct positive correlation and an indirect negative correlation on math anxiety. This is in contrast to the permissive parenting style which was exclusively found to have small positive correlation on math anxiety. The participant's sex had both direct and indirect influences on math anxiety. Math anxiety levels, as well as the negative effects of self-efficacy on the level of math anxiety, were higher in females compared to males. These findings are relevant when considering methods of diagnosis and intervention surrounding math anxiety; increased math anxiety in females suggests that they should have increased instances of diagnosis and intervention.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1721
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Issue numberJULY
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Macmull and Ashkenazi.


  • Authoritarian parenting style
  • Gender
  • Math Anxiety
  • Math self-efficacy
  • Parenting style


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