MDM2 and Fbw7 cooperate to induce p63 protein degradation following DNA damage and cell differentiation

Francesco Galli, Mariangela Rossi, Yuri D'Alessandra, Marco De Simone, Teresa Lopardo, Ygal Haupt, Osnat Alsheich-Bartok, Shira Anzi, Eitan Shaulian, Viola Calabrò, Girolama La Mantia, Luisa Guerrini*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tight control of p63 protein levels must be achieved under differentiation or apoptotic conditions. Here, we describe a new regulatory pathway for the ΔNp63α protein. We found that MDM2 binds ΔNp63α in the nucleus promoting its translocation to the cytoplasm. The MDM2 nuclear localization signal is required for ΔNp63α nuclear export and subsequent degradation, whereas the MDM2 ring-finger domain is dispensable. Once exported to the cytoplasm by MDM2, p63 is targeted for degradation by the Fbw7 E3-ubiquitin ligase. Efficient degradation of ΔNp63α by Fbw7 (also known as FBXW7) requires GSK3 kinase activity. By deletion and point mutations analysis we have identified a phosphodegron located in the α and β tail of p63 that is required for degradation. Furthermore, we show that MDM2 or Fbw7 depletion inhibits degradation of endogenous ΔNp63α in cells exposed to UV irradiation, adriamycin and upon keratinocyte differentiation. Our findings suggest that following DNA damage and cellular differentiation MDM2 and Fbw7 can cooperate to regulate the levels of the pro-proliferative ΔNp63α protein.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2423-2433
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume123
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2010

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • Fbw7
  • MDM2
  • p63

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