Measurement of the neutron radius of Pb208 through parity violation in electron scattering

S. Abrahamyan*, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Aniol, D. S. Armstrong, W. Armstrong, T. Averett, B. Babineau, A. Barbieri, V. Bellini, R. Beminiwattha, J. Benesch, F. Benmokhtar, T. Bielarski, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, P. Carter, G. D. Cates, C. ChenJ. P. Chen, O. Hen, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, R. De Leo, K. De Jager, W. Deconinck, P. Decowski, X. Deng, A. Deur, D. Dutta, A. Etile, D. Flay, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, S. Frullani, E. Fuchey, F. Garibaldi, E. Gasser, R. Gilman, A. Giusa, A. Glamazdin, J. Gomez, J. Grames, C. Gu, O. Hansen, J. Hansknecht, D. W. Higinbotham, R. S. Holmes, T. Holmstrom, C. J. Horowitz, J. Hoskins, J. Huang, C. E. Hyde, F. Itard, C. M. Jen, E. Jensen, G. Jin, S. Johnston, A. Kelleher, K. Kliakhandler, P. M. King, S. Kowalski, K. S. Kumar, J. Leacock, J. Leckey, J. H. Lee, J. J. Lerose, R. Lindgren, N. Liyanage, N. Lubinsky, J. Mammei, F. Mammoliti, D. J. Margaziotis, P. Markowitz, A. McCreary, D. McNulty, L. Mercado, Z. E. Meziani, R. W. Michaels, M. Mihovilovic, N. Muangma, C. Muñoz-Camacho, S. Nanda, V. Nelyubin, N. Nuruzzaman, Y. Oh, A. Palmer, D. Parno, K. D. Paschke, S. K. Phillips, B. Poelker, R. Pomatsalyuk, M. Posik, A. J.R. Puckett, B. Quinn, A. Rakhman, P. E. Reimer, S. Riordan, P. Rogan, G. Ron, G. Russo, K. Saenboonruang, A. Saha, B. Sawatzky, A. Shahinyan, R. Silwal, S. Sirca, K. Slifer, P. Solvignon, P. A. Souder, M. L. Sperduto, R. Subedi, R. Suleiman, V. Sulkosky, C. M. Sutera, W. A. Tobias, W. Troth, G. M. Urciuoli, B. Waidyawansa, D. Wang, J. Wexler, R. Wilson, B. Wojtsekhowski, X. Yan, H. Yao, Y. Ye, Z. Ye, V. Yim, L. Zana, X. Zhan, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, X. Zheng, P. Zhu

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We report the first measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry A PV in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from Pb208. A PV is sensitive to the radius of the neutron distribution (R n). The result A PV=0.656±0.060(stat)±0. 014(syst)ppm corresponds to a difference between the radii of the neutron and proton distributions R n-R p=0.33-0.18+0.16fm and provides the first electroweak observation of the neutron skin which is expected in a heavy, neutron-rich nucleus.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number112502
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume108
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

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