Membrane depolarization of isolated rat liver mitochondria attenuates permeability transition pore opening and oxidant production

Anna Aronis, Rita Komarnitsky, Shani Shilo, Oren Tirosh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been suggested that one key feature of mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) regulation is its control by the proton electrochemical gradient and that depolarization favors pore opening, swelling, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Moreover, ROS have been suggested to facilitate the process of mitochondrial PT pore opening. The aim of this study was to show that collapsing the mitochondrial membrane potential with the mitochondrial uncoupler, carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP), at concentrations of up to 10 μM, does not induce mitochondrial swelling and, in fact, stabilizes mitochondria exposed to oxidant, protecting them from tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH)-induced high-amplitude swelling. FCCP decreased polyethylene glycol-induced mitochondrial contraction following exposure to TBH, indicating closing of the PT mega-channel. In the presence of the calcium uniporter inhibitor ruthenium red, FCCP induced PT due to suppression of calcium efflux. Under PT-favorable conditions, ROS production was evaluated in mitochondria following treatments with TBH, inorganic phosphate, or FCCP (with or without ruthenium red). FCCP alone and in combination with ruthenium red attenuated mitochondria-derived ROS production. FCCP also decreased the augmented ROS production induced by inorganic phosphate. It is concluded that mitochondrial depolarization protects and prevents high-amplitude swelling and PT-derived ROS production.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)647-654
Number of pages8
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002

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