Micrometer to 15 nm Printing of Metallic Inks with Fountain Pen Nanolithography

Talia Yeshua, Michael Layani, Rimma Dekhter, Uwe Huebner, Shlomo Magdassi, Aaron Lewis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The field of printed electronics is continually trying to reduce the dimensions of the electrical components. Here, a method of printing metallic lines with widths as small as 15 nm and up to a few micrometers using fountain pen nanolithography (FPN) is shown. The FPN technique is based on a bent nanopipette with atomic force feedback that acts similar to a nanopen. The geometry of the nanopen allows for rapid placement accuracy of the printing tip, on any desired location, with the highest of optical sub-micrometer resolution. Using this nanopen, investigations of various inks are undertaken together with instrumental and script-tool development that allows accurate printing of multiple layers. This has led to the printing of conductive lines using inks composed of silver nanoparticles and salt solutions of silver and copper. In addition, it is shown that the method can be applied to substrates of various materials with minimal effect on the dimension of the line. The line widths are varied by using nanopens with different orifices or by tailoring the wetting properties of the ink on the substrate. Metallic interconnections of conducting lines are reported.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1702324
Issue number1
StatePublished - 4 Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • nanochemical printing
  • nanoprinting
  • printed electronics


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