Microsatellite instability and p53 mutations in therapy-related leukemia suggest mutator phenotype

Dina Ben-Yehuda*, Svetlana Krichevsky, Offer Caspi, Deborah Rund, Aaron Polliack, Dvora Abeliovich, Orly Zelig, Vered Yahalom, Ora Paltiel, Reuven Or, Tamar Peretz, Susana Ben-Neriah, Orly Yehuda, Eliezer A. Rachmilewitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

179 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the last decade the frequency of therapy-related acute leukemia (t-leuk) and myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) has been increasingly observed. Over the past 15 years, we treated 56 patients with t-leuk who had received prior chemotherapy (39%), radiotherapy (11%), or both (45%). The drugs received included alkylating agents and topoisomerase II inhibitors. The primary tumors included hematological malignancies (49%) and solid tumors such as breast or ovarian cancer. The median age at diagnosis of the primary tumor was relatively young (43 years ± 18). Twelve patients had more than one primary tumor and 31 patients had a family history of malignancy. Karyotypic abnormalities were found in 91% of the patients. Prognosis was uniformly poor, with an overall median survival of 10 months. Twelve of the 18 patients examined (67%) had a multidrug resistance phenotype. P53 genes of the leukemic cells, as well as the original tumors, were analyzed in 21 patients using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis followed by sequencing. P53 mutations were identified in 38% of these patients, a relatively high prevalence compared with other forms of MDS or de novo acute myeloid leukemia. Mutations were nongermline and restricted to the leukemic cells. We identified different p53 mutations in the various primary tumors of individual patients. The presence of a mutator phenotype was assessed by PCR analysis of microsatellites in eight loci (one trinucleotide repeat sequence, four dinucleotide, and three mononuclear repeat sequences). Microsatellite instability in two to seven loci were found in 15 of 16 (94%) of the patients. This instability is compatible with a mutator phenotype, which predisposes the patients to the development of malignancies including t-leuk.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4296-4303
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume88
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1996

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