Mitochondrial and Cytosolic Isoforms of Yeast Fumarase Are Derivatives of a Single Translation Product and Have Identical Amino Termini

Ehud Sass, Eran Blachinsky, Sharon Karniely, Ophry Pines*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously proposed that a single translation product of the FUM1 gene encoding fumarase is distributed between the cytosol and mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and that all fumarase translation products are targeted and processed in mitochondria before distribution. Alternative models for fumarase distribution have been proposed that require more than one translation product. In the current work (i) we show by using sequential Edman degradation and mass spectrometry that fumarase cytosolic and mitochondrial isoenzymes have an identical amino terminus that is formed by cleavage by the mitochondrial processing peptidase, (ii) we have generated fumarase mutants in which the second potential translation initiation codon (Met-24) has been substituted, yet the protein is processed efficiently and retains its ability to be distributed between the cytosol and mitochondria, and (iii) we show that although a signal peptide is required for fumarase targeting to mitochondria the specific fumarase signal peptide and the sequence immediately downstream to the cleavage site are not required for the dual distribution phenomenon. Our results are discussed in light of our model of fumarase targeting and distribution that suggests rapid folding into an import-incompetent state and retrograde movement of the processed protein back to the cytosol through the translocation pore.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)46111-46117
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Dec 2001

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