Mitral Regurgitation Severity Assessment after Transcutaneous Edge-to-Edge Mitral Valve Repair: Recommended Integration versus Volumetric Assessment Guidelines

Efrat Shekel, Mony Shuvy, Haim Danenberg, David Planer, Dan Gilon, David Leibowitz, Ronen Beeri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This article aims to evaluate the accuracy of the color-Doppler-based technique to evaluate residual mitral regurgitation post TEER. Background: The evaluation of residual mitral regurgitation (MR) post-mitral transcutaneous edge-to-edge repair (mitral TEER) is a critical determinant in patients’ outcomes. The common methods used today, based on the integration of color flow Doppler parameters, may be misleading because of the multiple jets and high velocities created by the TEER devices. Methods: Patients undergoing TEER at Hadassah hospital were recruited between 2015 and 2019. Post-procedural MR was evaluated using the integrated qualitative approach as recommended by the guidelines. In addition, the MR volume for each patient was calculated by subtracting the forward stroke volume (calculated by multiplying the LVOT area with the velocity time integral of the LVOT systolic flow) from the total stroke volume (calculated by the biplane Simpson method of discs). We compared the two methods for concordance. Results: Overall, 112 cases were enrolled. In 55.4% of cases, the volumetric residual MR was milder than the MR severity assessed by the guidelines’ recommended method. In 25.1%, the MR severity was similar in both methods. In 16.2%, the MR severity was worse when calculated using the volumetric method (pValue < 0.001, Kappameasure of agreement = 0.053). The lower residual MR degree using the volumetric approach was mostly observed in patients classified as “moderate” by the integrated approach. Conclusions: MR severity after TEER is often overestimated by the guideline-recommended integrative method when compared with a volumetric method. Alternative methods should be considered to assess the MR severity after mitral TEER.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number6347
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Mitralclip
  • color Doppler
  • echocardiography
  • mitra regurgitation
  • mitral TEER
  • residual MR

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