Molecular Mechanism of STIL Coiled-Coil Domain Oligomerization

Mai Shamir, Freddie J.O. Martin, Derek N. Woolfson*, Assaf Friedler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Coiled-coil domains (CCDs) play key roles in regulating both healthy cellular processes and the pathogenesis of various diseases by controlling protein self-association and protein–protein interactions. Here, we probe the mechanism of oligomerization of a peptide representing the CCD of the STIL protein, a tetrameric multi-domain protein that is over-expressed in several cancers and associated with metastatic spread. STIL tetramerization is mediated both by an intrinsically disordered domain (STIL400–700) and a structured CCD (STIL CCD718–749). Disrupting STIL oligomerization via the CCD inhibits its activity in vivo. We describe a comprehensive biophysical and structural characterization of the concentration-dependent oligomerization of STIL CCD peptide. We combine analytical ultracentrifugation, fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy to probe the STIL CCD peptide assembly in solution and determine dissociation constants of both the dimerization, (KD = 8 ± 2 µM) and tetramerization (KD = 68 ± 2 µM) of the WT STIL CCD peptide. The higher-order oligomers result in increased thermal stability and cooperativity of association. We suggest that this complex oligomerization mechanism regulates the activated levels of STIL in the cell and during centriole duplication. In addition, we present X-ray crystal structures for the CCD containing destabilising (L736E) and stabilising (Q729L) mutations, which reveal dimeric and tetrameric antiparallel coiled-coil structures, respectively. Overall, this study offers a basis for understanding the structural molecular biology of the STIL protein, and how it might be targeted to discover anti-cancer reagents.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number14616
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • STIL
  • coiled coil domains
  • oligomerization
  • peptides
  • protein interactions

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