Molecular self-assembly of peptide nanostructures: Mechanism associaton and potential uses

Meital Reches, Ehud Gazit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

171 Scopus citations

Abstract

Molecular self-assembly offers unique directions for the fabrication of novel supramolecular structure and advanced materials. The inspiration for the development of such structures is often derived from self-assembling modules in biology, as natural systems form complex structures from simple building blocks such as amino acids, nucleic acids and lipids. Peptide-based nanostructures indicate an important route toward the production of ordered nanostructures as several studies had demonstrated their ability to form well organized assemblies. This includes cyclic peptides designed with alternating D- and L- amino acids, amphiphile peptides, peptide-conjugates and ionic self-complementary peptides. A naturally occurring self-assembly process of nano scale objects by polypeptides is that of amyloid fibril formation. These 7-10 nm fibrillar assemblies were already used for the formation of conductive nanowires. Short peptides have been used as model systems to study the molecular mechanism that leads to amyloid fibril formation. Based an the analysis of short amyloid forming fragments, it was recently suggested by our group and others that aromatic interactions may play a significant role in the process of amyloid fibrils formation in several cases. This hypothesis led to the discovery that the core recognition motif of the Alzheimer's β-amyloid polypeptide, the diphenylalanine element, has all the molecular information needed to self assemble into a novel class of peptide nanotubes. A highly similar analog and the simplest aromatic dipeptide, the diphenylgtycine, forms spherical nanometric assemblies. Both designed and peptide fragment nanostructures were suggested to have many applications in various fields including molecular electronics, tissue engineering, and material science.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Nanoscience
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Molecular recognition
  • Nanospheres
  • Nanotubes
  • Peptide nanostructures
  • Self-assembly
  • Supramolecular biochemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular self-assembly of peptide nanostructures: Mechanism associaton and potential uses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this