Monochromatic light stimuli during embryogenesis enhance embryo development and posthatch growth

I. Rozenboim*, Y. Piestun, N. Mobarkey, M. Barak, A. Hoyzman, O. Halevy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photostimulation with green light accelerated BW and muscle development of broilers. In experiment 1, temperature sensors were inserted into 50 broiler eggs. The eggs were placed under 5 green light-emitting diode (LED) lamps at an intensity of 0.1 W/m2 at eggshell level for 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 min (n = 10). Egg temperatures were recorded continuously. A high correlation was found between lighting period and egg temperature elevation, and an intermittent light regimen of 15 min on and 15 min off was found to eliminate light-induced egg overheating. In experiment 2, the effect of in ovo green light photostimulation on embryonic development was studied. Five hundred fertile eggs were divided into 2 groups: the first was photostimulated with green light from 5 d of incubation until hatch (0.1 W/m2 intensity) and the second was incubated in the dark. In ovo green light photostimulation caused a significant elevation in BW and breast muscle weight during embryo development and posthatch until 6 d of age. In experiment 3, 240 fertile broiler eggs were divided into 2 groups as described in experiment 2. At hatch, chicks from each in ovo light treatment were divided into 2 subgroups: the first was reared under green light and the second under white light. In ovo photostimulation with green light enhanced BW and breast muscle weight. However, rearing under green light did not have any synergistic effect on BW. Collectively, the results suggest that stimulation with green light enhances development and growth in chicks and that the best effect is achieved when this stimulus is provided during incubation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1413-1419
Number of pages7
JournalPoultry Science
Volume83
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Binational Agricultural Research and Development (BARD) Fund IS-3093-99.

Keywords

  • Broiler embryo
  • Growth
  • Monochromatic light
  • Photostimulation

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