Monoclonal anti‐VH antibodies recognize a common VH determinant expressed on immunoglobulin heavy chains from various species

Zelig Eshhar*, Orit Gigi, David Givol, Yinon Ben‐Neriah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our previous work using rabbit antibodies to the variable region of MOPC315 myeloma heavy chain (VH) has indicated the existence of framework determinant(s) common to many murine heavy chains. Here we report the characterization of anti‐VH monoclonal antibodies (mAb) prepared in an attempt to elucidate the nature of the common VH determinant. We immunized AKR/J mice with a purified VH315 fragment and generated somatic cell hybrids by the fusion of the immune AKR/J splenocytes with the NS1 myeloma cells. Thirty‐seven common anti‐VH and 57 subgroup VHI‐specific hybridomas have been established and characterized. Whereas the anti‐subgroup mAb seemed to react with a determinant unique to the MOPC315 (mouse VHI) subgroup, all the anti‐VH mAb reacted with myeloma heavy chains of different VH subgroups, class and allotypes. Antibody competition studies revealed that the VH subgroup determinants are distinct from the common VH determinants and that both were also recognized by the rabbit polyclonal antibodies. The common VH determinants were found to be “hidden” determinants on intact immunoglobulin molecules being exposed only on isolated heavy chains. Furthermore, they are sequential determinants since they are preserved on fully denatured heavy chains. The common VH determinants are shared by immunoglobulins of a wide range of vertebrates from amphibia to man and thus represent antigenic structures which were highly conserved throughout evolution.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)533-540
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

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