Morphological priming: Dissociation of phonological, semantic, and morphological factors

Ram Frost, Avital Deutsch, Orna Gilboa, Michal Tannenbaum, William Marslen-Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations


Previous experiments based on a masked-priming paradigm revealed robust morphological priming effects induced by two derivational morphemes in Hebrew: The root and the verbal pattern. However, considering the special characteristics of the masked-priming paradigm, the possible contributions of phonological and/or semantic factors to these morphological effects could not be firmly assessed. In the present study, the role of these factors in morphological priming was examined, using cross-modal presentation. Experiment 1 revealed that priming between morphologically related words in Hebrew is determined by higher level linguistic characteristics and cannot be reduced to phonological overlap. Experiment 2 confirmed that morphological priming occurs in Hebrew even when primes and targets are not semantically related but, nevertheless, increases with semantic similarity. The results support the claim that morphological priming cannot be accounted for by considering semantic and phonological factors alone, and they exemplify the potential of using both masked and cross-modal priming to examine morphological processing.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1277-1288
Number of pages12
JournalMemory and Cognition
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000


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