PURPOSE: To evaluate relevant arterial and venous anatomy of the hepatectomy plane lateral to segment IV by using multi-detector row computed tomography (CT) with respect to adult living related transplantation of the right lobe of the liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In potential liver donors, 100 consecutive hepatic CT angiograms were obtained after intravenous bolus administration of 150-180 mL of nonionic contrast material. Arterial phase images (1.25-mm collimation, 7.5 mm/ 0.8-second table speed) were acquired after test dose injection. Portal phase images were acquired at 60 seconds (2.5-mm collimation, 15 mm/0.8-second table speed). Postprocessing depicted arterial, portal, and hepatic vein anatomy traversing the anticipated surgical hepatectomy plane to the right of the middle hepatic vein (MHV) and separating the right and left lobes of the liver. Two radiologists interpreted the images, and data were agreed on by consensus. Data collected included intrahepatic anatomy and origin of the artery and vein supplying segment IV; the venous drainage from segments V and VIII; and the presence, size, and distance from the right hepatic vein (RHV) confluence of accessory hepatic veins in the surgical plane. RESULTS: Thirty-one donors had conventional hepatic vascular anatomy. Vessels that traversed the hepatectomy plane included the artery supplying segment IV in seven (7%) patients, dominant portal vein supply to segment IV from the right portal vein in two (2%) patients or from both right and left portal vein branches in three (3%) patients, segment VIII draining into the MHV in 67 (67%) patients or both the MHV and RHV in 18 (18%) patients (the major draining vein was >7 mm in diameter in 23%), segment V draining into the MHV in 10 (10%) patients, or both the MHV and RHV in 19 (19%) patients (the major draining vein from segment V was 7-10 mm in diameter in 70 patients, and larger than 10 mm in five). Forty-four accessory hepatic veins were identified in 40 patients; seven drained segment V, while the majority drained segments VI and VII. The mean diameter was 5.3 mm and 45% were larger than 6 mm. The average distance to the RHV-inferior vena cava confluence was 28.7 mm. Of 70 patients with drainage from segment V into RHV, 22 (31%) had an accessory RHV. However, atypical drainage into the MHV was noted in seven (70%) of 10 patients and into the MHV and RHV in 11 (58%) of 19 patients. CONCLUSION: In the majority of potential donors, CT angiography depicted a wide range of vascular anatomic variations that traverse the hepatectomy plane.
- Computed tomography (CT), angiography
- Computed tomography (CT), multidetector row
- Hepatic arteries, CT
- Hepatic veins, CT
- Liver, transplantation