Multi-environment analysis enhances genomic prediction accuracy of agronomic traits in sesame

Idan Sabag, Ye Bi, Zvi Peleg*, Gota Morota*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Sesame is an ancient oilseed crop containing many valuable nutritional components. The demand for sesame seeds and their products has recently increased worldwide, making it necessary to enhance the development of high-yielding cultivars. One approach to enhance genetic gain in breeding programs is genomic selection. However, studies on genomic selection and genomic prediction in sesame have yet to be conducted. Methods: In this study, we performed genomic prediction for agronomic traits using the phenotypes and genotypes of a sesame diversity panel grown under Mediterranean climatic conditions over two growing seasons. We aimed to assess prediction accuracy for nine important agronomic traits in sesame using single- and multi-environment analyses. Results: In single-environment analysis, genomic best linear unbiased prediction, BayesB, BayesC, and reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces models showed no substantial differences. The average prediction accuracy of the nine traits across these models ranged from 0.39 to 0.79 for both growing seasons. In the multi-environment analysis, the marker-by-environment interaction model, which decomposed the marker effects into components shared across environments and environment-specific deviations, improved the prediction accuracies for all traits by 15%–58% compared to the single-environment model, particularly when borrowing information from other environments was made possible. Discussion: Our results showed that single-environment analysis produced moderate-to-high genomic prediction accuracy for agronomic traits in sesame. The multi-environment analysis further enhanced this accuracy by exploiting marker-by-environment interaction. We concluded that genomic prediction using multi-environmental trial data could improve efforts for breeding cultivars adapted to the semi-arid Mediterranean climate.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1108416
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Sabag, Bi, Peleg and Morota.

Keywords

  • Mediterranean climate
  • genomic prediction
  • multi-environment
  • oilseed crop
  • sesame

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