Multi-lobe superoscillation and its application to structured illumination microscopy

Niv Shapira, Zhigui Deng, Roei Remez, Danveer Singh, Eytan Katzav, Ady Arie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Superoscillating function is a band-limited function that is locally oscillating faster than its highest Fourier component. In this work, we study and implement methods to generate multi-lobe optical superoscillating beams, with nearly constant intensity and constant local frequency. We generated superoscillating patterns having up to 12 sub-wavelength oscillations, with local frequency of 20% to 40% above the band-limit. We then test the potential application of these beams to super-resolution structured illumination microscopy. By utilizing the Moiré effect on a fluorescent grating, we have demonstrated experimentally resolution improvement over the conventional sinusoidal illumination. Our simulations show that structured illumination microscopy with super oscillating multi-lobe beams can provide more than twofold improvement in resolution, with respect to the classical diffraction limit and for coherent or incoherent modalities.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)34530-34541
Number of pages12
JournalOptics Express
Issue number24
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement


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