To increase colonoscopy capability to discriminate benign from malignant polyps, we suggest combining two imaging approaches based on targeted polymeric platforms. Water-soluble cationized polyacrylamide (CPAA) was tagged with the near infrared (NIR) dye IR-783-S-Ph-COOH to form Flu-CPAA. The recognition peptide VRPMPLQ (reported to bind specifically to CRC tissues) was then conjugated with the Flu-CPAA to form Flu-CPAA-Pep which was then incorporated into echogenic microbubbles (MBs) made of polylactic acid (PLA) that are highly responsive to ultrasound. The ultimate design includes intravenous administration combined with local ultrasound and intra-colon inspection at the NIR range. In this proof of principle study PLA MBs were prepared by the double emulsion technique and loaded with several types of Flu-CPAA-Pep polymers. After insonation the submicron PLA fragments (SPF)-containing Flu-CPAA-Pep were examined in vitro for their ability to attach to colon cancer cells and in vivo (DMH induced rat model) for their ability to attach to colon malignant tissues and compared to the specific attachment of the free Flu-CPAA-Pep. The generation of SPF-containing Flu-CPAA-Pep resulted in a tissue attachment similar to that of the free, unloaded Flu-CPAA-Pep. The addition of VRPMPLQ to the polymeric backbone of the Flu-CPAA reduced cytotoxicity and improved the specific binding.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work was supported by a joint research grant from Drexel and HU-IDR and by a research grant from the Alex Grass foundation for Medicinal Chemistry . The authors would like to acknowledge the skillful work of Mr. Mordechai Goldminz and Ms. Gefen Amit. Abraham Rubinstein and Eylon Yavin are affiliated with David R. Bloom Center of Pharmacy.
© 2014, Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Cationized polyacrylamide
- Colon cancer
- Real time diagnosis
- Recognition peptide