Multiple Group IRT Measurement Invariance Analysis of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale in Thirteen International Samples

Júlia Halamová*, Martin Kanovský, Paul Gilbert, Nicholas A. Troop, David C. Zuroff, Nicola Petrocchi, Nicola Hermanto, Tobias Krieger, James N. Kirby, Kenichi Asano, Marcela Matos, Fu Ya Yu, Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Ben Shahar, Jaskaran Basran, Nuriye Kupeli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) in terms of Item Response Theory differential test functioning in thirteen distinct samples (N = 7714) from twelve different countries. We assessed differential test functioning for the three FSCRS subscales, Inadequate-Self, Hated-Self and Reassured-Self separately. 32 of the 78 pairwise comparisons between samples for Inadequate-Self, 42 of the 78 pairwise comparisons for Reassured-Self and 54 of the 78 pairwise comparisons for Hated-Self demonstrated no differential test functioning, i.e. measurement invariance. Hated-Self was the most invariant of the three subscales, suggesting that self-hatred is similarly perceived across different cultures. Nonetheless, all three subscales of FSCRS are sensitive to cross-cultural differences. Considering the possible cultural and linguistic differences in the expression of self-criticism and self-reassurance, future analyses of the meanings and connotations of these constructs across the world are necessary in order to develop or tailor a scale which allows cross-cultural comparisons of various treatment outcomes related to self-criticism.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)411-444
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Rational - Emotive and Cognitive - Behavior Therapy
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural studies
  • Differential test functioning
  • Measurement invariance
  • Self-criticism
  • Self-reassurance

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