Multiple social identifications and adolescents' self-esteem

Maya Benish-Weisman*, Ella Daniel, David Schiefer, Anna Möllering, Ariel Knafo-Noam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The research examined the relationship between multiple social identifications and self-esteem. Early adolescents (M=11.4, SD=.95) and mid-adolescents (M=15.9, SD=1.18) from Germany and Israel (n=2337) were studied. Respondents described their social identification as students, family members, and as members of the majority national group and reported self-esteem. A longitudinal, cross-sectional and cross-cultural design revealed, as predicted, multiple social identifications related positively to self-esteem concurrently; they also related positively to self-esteem longitudinally over the course of a year. Moreover, multiple social identifications were found to be antecedent to self-esteem, not vice versa. Finally, multiple social identifications were found to decrease over time. The article discusses the contribution of multiple social identifications to self-esteem at different ages and in various contexts.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)21-31
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume44
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents.

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Multiple social identities
  • Self-esteem
  • Social identification
  • Social identity

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