Multiplex real-time qPCR for the detection of Ehrlichia canis and Babesia canis vogeli

Ofer Peleg, Gad Baneth, Osnat Eyal, Jacob Inbar, Shimon Harrus*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Ehrlichia canis and Babesia canis vogeli are two tick-borne canine pathogens with a worldwide importance. Both pathogens are transmitted by Rhipicephalus sanguineus, the brown dog tick, which has an increasing global distribution. A multiplex quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay for the simultaneous detection of the tick-borne pathogens E. canis and B. canis vogeli was developed using dual-labeled probes. The target genes were the 16S rRNA of E. canis and the heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) of B. canis vogeli. The canine beta actin (ACTB) gene was used as an internal control gene. The assay was conducted without using any pre-amplification steps such as nested reactions. The sensitivity of each reaction in the multiplex qPCR assay was tested in the presence of high template concentrations of the other amplified genes in the same tube and in the presence of canine DNA. The detection threshold of the multiplex assay was 1-10 copies/μl in all channels and the amplifications of the B. canis hsp70 and ACTB were not affected by the other simultaneous reactions, while minor interference was observed in the amplification of the E. canis 16S rRNA gene. This assay would be useful for diagnostic laboratories and may save time, labor and costs.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 29 Oct 2010


  • Babesia canis vogeli
  • Ehrlichia canis
  • Multiplex qPCR


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