Nanocrystal Assemblies: Current Advances and Open Problems

Carlos L. Bassani, Greg van Anders, Uri Banin, Dmitry Baranov, Qian Chen, Marjolein Dijkstra, Michael S. Dimitriyev, Efi Efrati, Jordi Faraudo, Oleg Gang, Nicola Gaston, Ramin Golestanian, G. Ivan Guerrero-Garcia, Michael Gruenwald, Amir Haji-Akbari, Maria Ibáñez, Matthias Karg, Tobias Kraus, Byeongdu Lee, Reid C. Van LehnRobert J. Macfarlane, Bortolo M. Mognetti, Arash Nikoubashman, Saeed Osat, Oleg V. Prezhdo, Grant M. Rotskoff, Leonor Saiz, An Chang Shi, Sara Skrabalak, Ivan I. Smalyukh, Mario Tagliazucchi, Dmitri V. Talapin, Alexei V. Tkachenko, Sergei Tretiak, David Vaknin, Asaph Widmer-Cooper, Gerard C.L. Wong, Xingchen Ye, Shan Zhou, Eran Rabani, Michael Engel, Alex Travesset*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We explore the potential of nanocrystals (a term used equivalently to nanoparticles) as building blocks for nanomaterials, and the current advances and open challenges for fundamental science developments and applications. Nanocrystal assemblies are inherently multiscale, and the generation of revolutionary material properties requires a precise understanding of the relationship between structure and function, the former being determined by classical effects and the latter often by quantum effects. With an emphasis on theory and computation, we discuss challenges that hamper current assembly strategies and to what extent nanocrystal assemblies represent thermodynamic equilibrium or kinetically trapped metastable states. We also examine dynamic effects and optimization of assembly protocols. Finally, we discuss promising material functions and examples of their realization with nanocrystal assemblies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Nano
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 American Chemical Society.


  • assembly protocols
  • colloidal crystal
  • material properties
  • nanocrystal
  • nanocrystal assembly
  • nanoparticle
  • quantum dots
  • self-assembly
  • structure prediction
  • superlattice


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