Nanophotonics for Information Systems

M. Nezhad*, M. Abashin, K. Ikeda, L. Pang, H. C. Kim, U. Levy, K. Tetz, R. Rokitski, Y. Fainman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Optical technology plays an increasingly important role in numerous applications areas, including communications, information processing, and data storage. However, as optical technology develops, it is evident that there is a growing need to develop reliable photonic integration technologies. This will include the development of passive as well as active optical components that can be integrated into functional optical circuits and systems, including filters, switching fabrics that can be controlled either electrically or optically, optical sources, detectors, amplifiers, etc. We explore the unique capabilities and advantages of nanotechnology in developing next generation integrated photonic chips. Our long-range goal is to develop a range of photonic nanostrucrures including artificially birefringent and resonant devices, photonic crystals, and photonic crystals with defects to tailor spectral filters, and nanostructures for spatial field localization to enhance optical nonlinearities, to facilitate on-chip system integration through compatible materials and fabrication processes. The design of artificial nanostructured materials, PCs and integrated photonic systems is one of the most challenging tasks as it not only involves the accurate solution of electromagnetic optics equations, but also the need to incorporate the material and quantum physics equations. Near-field interactions in artificial nanostructured materials provide a variety of functionalities useful for optical systems integration. Recently, the inclusion of surface plasmon photonics in this area has opened up a host of new possibilities Finally and most importantly, nanophotonics may enable easier integration with other nanotechnologies: electronics, magnetics, mechanics, chemistry, and biology. We will address some of these areas in this paper.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationOptoelectronic Integrated Circuits IX
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
EventOptoelectronic Integrated Circuits IX - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: 22 Jan 200724 Jan 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6476
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceOptoelectronic Integrated Circuits IX
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period22/01/0724/01/07

Keywords

  • Dispersion
  • Effective medium theory
  • Integration
  • Nanostructures
  • Polarization

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