Nanostructuring of SnO2 via solution-based and hard template assisted method

L. Alinauskas, E. Brooke, A. Regoutz, A. Katelnikovas, R. Raudonis, S. Yitzchaik, D. J. Payne, E. Garskaite*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polycrystalline SnO2 1D nanostructures with diameters of 150–200 nm and consisting of uniformly sized single-crystallites of ~ 10 nm in size were produced via aqueous sol-gel and hard template assisted methods. Stable sols were prepared from tin oxalate precursor, citric acid and H2O2. Solution chemistry and parameters influencing the stability of the sol and morphological structure of the resulting materials are addressed. Morphological and structural characterization revealed uniform and porous structure of the nanostructured SnO2. Hollow nanotubular structures were produced from solutions of lower concentration. Results of XPS analysis revealed that a sub-stoichiometric phase with surface composition of SnO1.8 was obtained indicating the formation of oxygen vacancies. The optical properties were investigated and optical band gap energy for the powder samples was estimated to be 3.61 eV. An environmentally friendly aqueous sol-gel route developed to prepare homogeneous nanostructures of 1D SnO2 will enable facile fabrication of various oxide based nanostructured materials.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume626
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Nanostructuring
  • Optical properties
  • Semiconductors
  • SnO
  • Sol-gel
  • Templating
  • Wet-chemistry
  • XPS

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