The advent of the two-dimensional (2D) family of halide perovskites and their demonstration in 2D/three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical film structures broke new ground toward high device performance and good stability. The 2D Dion-Jacobson (DJ) phase halide perovskites are especially attractive in solar cells because of their superior charge transport properties. Here, we report on 2D DJ phase perovskites using a 3-(aminomethyl)piperidinium (3AMP) organic spacer for the fabrication of mixed Pb/Sn-based perovskites, exhibiting a narrow bandgap of 1.27 eV and a long carrier lifetime of 657.7 ns. Consequently, solar cells employing mixed 2D DJ 3AMP-based and 3D MA0.5FA0.5Pb0.5Sn0.5I3 (MA = methylammonium, FA = formamidinium) perovskite composites as light absorbers achieve enhanced efficiency and stability, giving a power conversion efficiency of 20.09% with a high open-circuit voltage of 0.88 V, a fill factor of 79.74%, and a short-circuit current density of 28.63 mA cm-2. The results provide an effective strategy to improve the performance of single-junction narrow-bandgap solar cells and, potentially, to give a highly efficient alternative to bottom solar cells in tandem devices.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the ONR (N00014-20-1-2725). This work made use of the EPIC and SPID facility (NUANCE Center-Northwestern University), which have received support from the MRSEC program (NSF DMR-1720139) at the Materials Research Center, and the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (EEC-0118025/003), both programs of the National Science Foundation; the State of Illinois; and Northwestern University.
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