Near-field manipulation of spectroscopic selection rules on the nanoscale

Prashant K. Jain, Debraj Ghosh, Roi Baer*, Eran Rabani, A. Paul Alivisatos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


In conventional spectroscopy, transitions between electronic levels are governed by the electric dipole selection rule because electric quadrupole, magnetic dipole, and coupled electric dipole-magnetic dipole transitions are forbidden in a far field. We demonstrated that by using nanostructured electromagnetic fields, the selection rules of absorption spectroscopy could be fundamentally manipulated. We also show that forbidden transitions between discrete quantum levels in a semiconductor nanorod structure are allowed within the near-field of a noble metal nanoparticle. Atomistic simulations analyzed by an effective mass model reveal the breakdown of the dipolar selection rules where quadrupole and octupole transitions are allowed. Our demonstration could be generalized to the use of nanostructured near-fields for enhancing light-matter interactions that are typically weak or forbidden.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8016-8019
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number21
StatePublished - 22 May 2012


  • Absorption spectra
  • Exciton
  • Plasmonics
  • Quantum dot


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