Negative Relations Between Pacifier Use and Emotional Competence

Paula M. Niedenthal, Maria Augustinova, Magdalena Rychlowska, Sylvie Droit-Volet, Leah Zinner, Ariel Knafo, Markus Brauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Research in psychology and neuroscience suggests that facial mimicry plays a causal role in understanding facial expression of emotion. Accurate understanding of facial emotion, in turn, grounds emotional development. Are pacifiers, which disrupt facial mimicry in the user, associated with compromised emotional development? We examined facial mimicry in children and found that duration of pacifier use was associated with reduced facial mimicry in boys. In two questionnaire studies of young adults, pacifier use also predicted lower perspective taking and emotional intelligence in males. Pacifier use did not predict these emotion processing skills in girls. Future confirmatory studies are proposed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)387-394
Number of pages8
JournalBasic and Applied Social Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2012


Dive into the research topics of 'Negative Relations Between Pacifier Use and Emotional Competence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this