Nesher Ramla Karst Depression, Israel: A new evidence for middle paleolithic adaptations during MIS 6 and 5

Yossi Zaidner*, David E. Friesem, Amos Frumkin, Leore Grosman, Naomi Porat, Ruth Shachack-Gross, Alexander Tsatskin, Reuven Yeshurun, Lior Weissbrod, Laura Centi, Marion Prevost, Maayan Shemeri, Oz Varoner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

A recently discovered eight-meter-thick open-air sequence at Nesher Ramla (Israel), dated by OSL to 1 and 7 ± 11 - 78 ± 6 ka, provides new evidence regarding Middle Paleolithic adaptations during MIS 6 and 5. The site is located in a karst depression formed by gravitational deformation and sagging into underground voids. The site formation involved episodic deposition of eroded soils, water-logging and pedogenesis, interbedded with human occupation. Such a geomorphological context and formation processes are profoundly different from the Levantine Middle Paleolithic cave and open-air sites. Excavations yielded exceptionally large and well-preserved lithic and faunal assemblages, different types of combustion features, hominin-induced concentrations of lithics, bones and manuports and ochre. The eight-meter-thick archaeological sequence was divided into six stratigraphic units, in which several horizons and distinct concentrations of lithics and bones were identified.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationSuyanggae and Her Neighbours in Haifa, Israel
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 20th (1) Congress June 21-28, 2015
PublisherArchaeopress
Pages36
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)9781784915391
ISBN (Print)9781784915384
StatePublished - 13 Feb 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Archaeopress and the authors 2017.

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