New evidence for long-distance trade in arsenical copper during the Early Bronze Age in the southern Levant: analysis of weapons from the Nesher-Ramla cemetery

Naama Yahalom-Mack*, Vladimir Wolff Avrutis, Yigal Erel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The paper presents new data regarding trade in metals during Early Bronze IB. Using chemical and lead isotope analysis of weapons from Early Bronze Age IB burials from the Nesher Ramla Quarry, located in the Shephelah (piedmont) bordering the Judean foothills, it is shown that complex metals were likely procured from eastern Anatolia. These data join similar analytic results regarding several artefacts from the Kfar Monash hoard and evidence from Tell es-Shuna, and it is suggested that metal trade might be considered as a possible conduit for the transfer of cultural ideas and modes of social organization on the eve of southern Levantine urbanism.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)119-131
Number of pages13
JournalLevant
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Council for British Research in the Levant 2023.

Keywords

  • Early Bronze Age
  • daggers
  • lead isotope analysis
  • southern Levant
  • urbanism

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