NK cytotoxicity mediated by CD16 but not by NKp30 is functional in Griscelli syndrome

Roi Gazit, Memet Aker, Moran Elboim, Hagit Achdout, Gil Katz, Dana G. Wolf, Shulamit Katzav, Ofer Mandelboim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Griscelli syndrome (GS) type 2 is an autosomal recessive disorder represented by pigment dilution and impaired cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity. NK activity has been scarcely investigated in GS patients. Here, we describe a new patient, possessing a hemophagocytic syndrome with a homozygous Q118X nonsense RAB27Amutation. Single specific primer-polymerase chain reaction (SSP-PCR) was developed based on this mutation and is currently used in prenatal genetic analysis. As expected, CTLs in the patient are not functional and NK cytotoxicity against K562 or 721.221 cells is diminished. Surprisingly, however, we demonstrate that CD16-mediated killing is intact in this patient and is therefore RAB27A independent, whereas NKp30-mediated killing is impaired and is therefore RAB27A dependent. We further analyzed the signaling pathways of these 2 receptors and demonstrated phosphorylation of Vav1 after CD16 activation but not after NKp30 engagement. Thus, we identify a novel homozygous mutation in the RAB27A gene of a new GS patient, observe for the first time that some activating NK receptors function in GS patients, and demonstrate a functional dichotomy in the killing mediated by these human NK-activating receptors.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4306-4312
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume109
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Grant information: This research was supported by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia through Master of Education Towards Doctoral Scholarship Program for Excellence Undergraduate and the support through World Class Professor Program Scheme-B No. 123.57/D2.3/KP/2018.

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia through Master of Education Towards Doctoral Scholarship Program for Excellence Undergraduate and the support through World Class Professor Program Scheme-B No. 123.57/D2.3/KP/2018.

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