Nonsense mutations accelerate lung disease and decrease survival of cystic fibrosis children

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Abstract

RATIONALE: Limited information is available on the clinical status of people with Cystic Fibrosis (pwCF) carrying 2 nonsense mutations (PTC/PTC). The main objective of this study was to compare disease severity between pwCF PTC/PTC, compound heterozygous for F508del and PTC (F508del/PTC) and homozygous for F508del (F508del+/+).

METHODS: Based on the European CF Society Patient Registry clinical data of pwCF living in high and middle income European and neighboring countries, PTC/PTC (n = 657) were compared with F508del+/+ (n = 21,317) and F508del/PTC(n = 4254).CFTR mRNA and protein activity levels were assessed in primary human nasal epithelial (HNE) cells sampled from 22 PTC/PTC pwCF.

MAIN RESULTS: As compared to F508del+/+ pwCF; both PTC/PTC and F508del/PTC pwCF exhibited a significantly faster rate of decline in Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 s (FEV 1) from 7 years (-1.33 for F508del +/+, -1.59 for F508del/PTC; -1.65 for PTC/PTC, p < 0.001) until respectively 30 years (-1.05 for F508del +/+, -1.23 for PTC/PTC, p = 0.048) and 27 years (-1.12 for F508del +/+, -1.26 for F508del/PTC, p = 0.034). This resulted in lower FEV 1 values in adulthood. Mortality of pediatric pwCF with one or two PTC alleles was significantly higher than their F508del homozygous pairs. Infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa was more frequent in PTC/PTC versus F508del+/+ and F508del/PTC pwCF. CFTR activity in PTC/PTC pwCF's HNE cells ranged between 0% to 3% of the wild-type level.

CONCLUSIONS: Nonsense mutations decrease the survival and accelerate the course of respiratory disease in children and adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1070-1079
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

Keywords

  • Cystic fibrosis (MeSH: DO008550)
  • Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (MeSH: DO19005)
  • Premature termination codon (MeSH: DO:18389)

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