Novel continuous passive motion device for self-treatment of chronic lower back pain: A randomised controlled study

L. Gavish*, Y. Barzilay, C. Koren, A. Stern, L. Weinrauch, D. J. Friedman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a novel, angular, continuous passive motion device for self-treatment at home in patients with mild-to-moderate, non-specific, chronic low back pain (LBP). Design: Prospective, randomised, waiting-list-controlled (WLC) trial. Setting: Recruitment and assessment were conducted at the Koren Centre for Physical Therapy. Self-treatment was performed at home. Participants: Thirty-six patients with a score ≤6 on the numeric rating scale (NRS) for pain were enrolled. Twenty-eight patients completed treatment. Interventions: Participants were randomised to receive the Kyrobak (Radiancy, Hod-hasharon, Israel) at enrolment [immediate treatment (IT) group] or 3 weeks later (WLC group). Self-treatment was prescribed for 10. minutes, one to three times per day, for 3 weeks. The treatment period was followed by a 3-week follow-up period. Main outcome measures: Primary outcome was self-reported pain level (NRS). Results: Three weeks of self-treatment with the Kyrobak reduced pain levels significantly in the IT group compared with the WLC group {mean [standard deviation (SD)] δNRS score from baseline to post-treatment: IT group, 1.4 (1.5), 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.5 to 2.3; WLC group, -0.1 (2.2), 95% CI -1.1 to 1.2; effect mean difference 1.5}. This benefit was maintained over the follow-up period [from baseline to end of follow-up, mean (SD) δNRS score 1.1 (1.8), 95% CI 0.4 to 1.8]. Multi-linear regression analysis found that higher baseline pain resulted in greater pain reduction (. P=. 0.003). Eighty-three percent of participants with a baseline NRS score >4.35 (threshold determined by logistic regression, P=. 0.01) achieved the minimal important change criterion of δNRS score ≥2. Daily NRS score reduced gradually over the treatment period [regression slope -0.052 (0.01), 95% CI -0.07 to -0.03]. Conclusions: Preliminary evidence suggests that the Kyrobak may be beneficial for short-term relief of non-specific, chronic LBP, particularly in participants with a moderate level of pain. A longer treatment period may lead to a further reduction in pain.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiotherapy (United Kingdom)
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Chartered Society of Physiotherapy.


  • Continuous passive
  • Home care device
  • Low back pain
  • Motion therapy
  • Self-treatment


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