Two experiments manipulated participants familiarity with another person and examined their performance in future understanding of that person s emotions. To gain familiarity, participants watched several videos of the target sharing experiences and rated her emotions. In the Feedback condition, perceivers learned about the actual emotions the target felt. In the Control condition, perceivers completed identical recognition tasks but did not know the target s own emotion ratings. Studies (Ntotal = 398; one preregistered) found that the Feedback group was more accurate than the Control in future understanding of the target s emotions. Results provide a proof-of-concept demonstration that brief preliminary learning about past emotional experiences of another person can give one a more accurate understanding of the person in the future.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported by the Azrieli Foundation to Anat Perry.
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- emotion recognition
- social cognition