Nuclear structure corrections to the Lamb shift in μHe+3 and μH3

N. Nevo Dinur*, C. Ji, S. Bacca, N. Barnea

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Measuring the 2S-2P Lamb shift in a hydrogen-like muonic atom allows one to extract its nuclear charge radius with a high precision that is limited by the uncertainty in the nuclear structure corrections. The charge radius of the proton thus extracted was found to be 7σ away from the CODATA value, in what has become the yet unsolved "proton radius puzzle". Further experiments currently aim at the isotopes of hydrogen and helium: the precise extraction of their radii may provide a hint at the solution of the puzzle. We present the first ab initio calculation of nuclear structure corrections, including the nuclear polarization correction, to the 2S-2P transition in μHe+3 and μH3, and assess solid theoretical error bars. Our predictions reduce the uncertainty in the nuclear structure corrections to the level of a few percent and will be instrumental to the on-going μHe+3 experiment. We also support the mirror μH3 system as a candidate for further probing of the nucleon polarizabilities and shedding more light on the puzzle.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)380-386
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume755
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Authors.

Keywords

  • Charge radius
  • Muonic atom
  • Nuclear polarizability
  • Two-photon exchange

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