Nucleotide sequence types (ntSTs) of Anaplasma marginale in cattle in Nigeria based on the major surface protein 5 (msp5) gene

Joshua Kamani*, Sacristán Irene, Abdul Matin MN Mubo Qasim, Toyin A. Olubade, Moses Samuel Abasiama, Ali Gajibo, Peter Umar Balami, Mike Shands, Shimon Harrus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Bovine anaplasmosis caused by Anaplasma marginale is an important endemic disease that exerts negative impact on livestock production with huge socioeconomic consequences in most developing countries. Genetic studies have reported the existence of diverse ntSTs of A. marginale with varying pathogenicity in different countries. Continuous studies to obtain accurate information on disease etiologies is desirable for the formulation of cost-effective control measures. To this end, 582 blood samples from cattle were collected from 10 out of the 36 States of Nigeria from April 2021 to March 2022 and analyzed based on the major surface protein 5 (msp5) gene to determine the ntSTs of A. marginale in Nigeria. In all, 38 out of the 582 samples (6.5%) from cattle in the different Agro-ecological Zones (AEZs) of Nigeria were positive. The Nigerian A. marginale nucleotide sequences were 96.7 to 100% identical to sequences from other countries and were placed in distinct clusters with other A. marginale sequences deposited in GenBank. Network analysis revealed three ntSTs (#2, #4 & #8) of A. marginale from Nigeria with a nucleotide sequence type diversity (Hd) of 0.8, nucleotide diversity (Pi) of 0.015 and average number of nucleotide differences (k) of 7.09. Two different amino acid substitution sites were found in Nigerian and worldwide sequences at positions 148 and 160. This is the first nationwide report on the ntST diversity and genetic characterization of A. marginale in cattle in Nigeria based on the msp5 gene. Bovine anaplasmosis is widespread in Nigeria and deserves further attention.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number106544
JournalActa Tropica
StatePublished - Sep 2022

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© 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • Anaplasma marginale
  • Cattle
  • Nigeria
  • Phylogeny
  • msp5
  • ntST


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