Nutritional Physiology and Ecology of Honey Bees

Geraldine A. Wright*, Susan W. Nicolson, Sharoni Shafir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

185 Scopus citations


Honey bees feed on floral nectar and pollen that they store in their colonies as honey and bee bread. Social division of labor enables the collection of stores of food that are consumed by within-hive bees that convert stored pollen and honey into royal jelly. Royal jelly and other glandular secretions are the primary food of growing larvae and of the queen but are also fed to other colony members. Research clearly shows that bees regulate their intake, like other animals, around specific proportions of macronutrients. This form of regulation is done as individuals and at the colony level by foragers.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)327-344
Number of pages18
JournalAnnual Review of Entomology
StatePublished - 7 Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.


  • Apis mellifera
  • honey bee
  • nectar
  • nutrition
  • pollen
  • royal jelly


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