Oil spill contamination probability in the southeastern Levantine basin

Ron Goldman*, Eli Biton, Eran Brokovich, Salit Kark, Noam Levin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent gas discoveries in the eastern Mediterranean Sea led to multiple operations with substantial economic interest, and with them there is a risk of oil spills and their potential environmental impacts. To examine the potential spatial distribution of this threat, we created seasonal maps of the probability of oil spill pollution reaching an area in the Israeli coastal and exclusive economic zones, given knowledge of its initial sources. We performed simulations of virtual oil spills using realistic atmospheric and oceanic conditions. The resulting maps show dominance of the alongshore northerly current, which causes the high probability areas to be stretched parallel to the coast, increasing contamination probability downstream of source points. The seasonal westerly wind forcing determines how wide the high probability areas are, and may also restrict these to a small coastal region near source points. Seasonal variability in probability distribution, oil state, and pollution time is also discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)347-356
Number of pages10
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Keywords

  • Eastern mediterranean sea
  • Oil spill
  • Pollution
  • Probability
  • Simulation

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