Olive oil storage during the fifth and sixth millennia BC at Ein Zippori, Northern Israel

Dvory Namdar*, Alon Amrani, Nimrod Getzov, Ianir Milevski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several occupation levels dating to the sixth to fifth millennia BC (the Wadi Rabah and pre-Ghassulian Late Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures as well as the Early Bronze Age IB-II) were found in a salvage excavation conducted at Ein Zippori in the lower Galilee. Pottery vessels from the different periods were sampled for organic residue analysis study and were analyzed using gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Olive oil was one of the most common organic residues detected in the vessels, from the levels of the Wadi Rabah occupation and onwards (sixth to fifth millennia BC). This find throws new light on the exploitation of olives in the southern Levant as well as on the large-scale production and consumption of olive oil in the Late Pottery Neolithic and pre-Ghassulian Chalcolithic times.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalIsrael Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume62
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Taylor and Francis.

Keywords

  • Chalcolithic
  • Ein Zippori
  • Pottery Neolithic
  • Wadi Rabah
  • amphoriskos
  • domestication
  • jars
  • oil production
  • olive
  • pre-Ghassulian

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