ON THE ABOMINABLE PROPERTIES OF THE ALMOST MATHIEU OPERATOR WITH WELL-APPROXIMATED FREQUENCIES

Artur Avila, Yoram Last, Mira Shamis, Qi Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We show that some spectral properties of the almost Mathieu operator with frequency well approximated by rationals can be as poor as at all possible in the class of all one-dimensional discrete Schrödinger operators. For the case of critical coupling, we show that the Hausdorff measure of the spectrum may vanish (for appropriately chosen frequencies) whenever the gauge function tends to zero faster than logarithmically. For arbitrary coupling, we show that modulus of continuity of the integrated density of states can be arbitrary close to logarithmic; we also prove a similar result for the Lyapunov exponent as a function of the spectral parameter. Finally, we show that (for any coupling) there exist frequencies for which the spectrum is not homogeneous in the sense of Carleson, and, moreover, fails the Parreau-Widom condition. The frequencies for which these properties hold are explicitly described in terms of the growth of the denominators of the convergents.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)603-672
Number of pages70
JournalDuke Mathematical Journal
Volume173
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2024

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