## Abstract

In this note we determine exactly the expansion rate of an infinite 4-regular expander graph which is a variant of an expander due to Margulis. The vertex set of this graph consists of all points in the plane. The point ( x, y ) is adjacent to the points S ( x, y ), S^{- 1} ( x, y ), T ( x, y ), T^{- 1} ( x, y ) where S ( x, y ) = ( x, x + y ) and T ( x, y ) = ( x + y, y ). We show that the expansion rate of this 4-regular graph is 2. The main technical result asserts that for any compact planar set A of finite positive measure,{A formula is presented}where | B | is the Lebesgue measure of B. The proof is completely elementary and is based on symmetrization-a classical method in the area of isoperimetric problems. We also use symmetrization to prove a similar result for a directed version of the same graph.

Original language | American English |
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Pages (from-to) | 436-442 |

Number of pages | 7 |

Journal | Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series B |

Volume | 96 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - May 2006 |

## Keywords

- Expansion rate
- Margulis expanders
- Symmetrization