Open Circuit Potential Build-Up in Perovskite Solar Cells from Dark Conditions to 1 Sun

Laxman Gouda, Ronen Gottesman, Adam Ginsburg, David A. Keller, Eynav Haltzi, Jiangang Hu, Shay Tirosh, Assaf Y. Anderson, Arie Zaban*, Pablo P. Boix

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


The high open-circuit potential (Voc) achieved by perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is one of the keys to their success. The Voc analysis is essential to understand their working mechanisms. A large number of CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PSCs were fabricated on single large-area substrates and their Voc dependencies on illumination intensity, I0, were measured showing three distinctive regions. Similar results obtained in Al2O3 based PSCs relate the effect to the compact TiO2 rather than the mesoporous oxide. We propose that two working mechanisms control the Voc in PSCs. The rise of Voc at low I0 is determined by the employed semiconductor n-type contact (TiO2 or MgO coated TiO2). In contrast, at I0 close to AM1.5G, the employed oxide does not affect the achieved voltage. Thus, a change of regime from an oxide-dominated EFn (as in the dye sensitized solar cells) to an EFn, directly determined by the CH3NH3PbI3-xClx absorber is suggested.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4640-4645
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number22
StatePublished - 19 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.


  • PSC
  • dark condition
  • methylammonium lead iodide
  • perovskite
  • solar cells


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