Optimal renormalization group transformation from information theory

Patrick M. Lenggenhager, Doruk Efe Gökmen, Zohar Ringel, Sebastian D. Huber, MacIej Koch-Janusz

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, a novel real-space renormalization group (RG) algorithm was introduced. By maximizing an information-theoretic quantity, the real-space mutual information, the algorithm identifies the relevant low-energy degrees of freedom. Motivated by this insight, we investigate the information-theoretic properties of coarse-graining procedures for both translationally invariant and disordered systems. We prove that a perfect real-space mutual information coarse graining does not increase the range of interactions in the renormalized Hamiltonian, and, for disordered systems, it suppresses the generation of correlations in the renormalized disorder distribution, being in this sense optimal. We empirically verify decay of those measures of complexity as a function of information retained by the RG, on the examples of arbitrary coarse grainings of the clean and random Ising chain. The results establish a direct and quantifiable connection between properties of RG viewed as a compression scheme and those of physical objects, i.e., Hamiltonians and disorder distributions. We also study the effect of constraints on the number and type of coarse-grained degrees of freedom on a generic RG procedure.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number011037
JournalPhysical Review X
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Professor Gianni Blatter for his insightful comments. S. D. H. and M. K.-J. gratefully acknowledge the support of Swiss National Science Foundationand the European Research Council under the Grant Agreement No. 771503 (TopMechMat).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

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