## Abstract

Current-spin-density-functional theory (CSDFT) provides a framework to describe interacting many-electron systems in a magnetic field which couples to both spin and orbital degrees of freedom. Unlike in the usual (spin-)density-functional theory, approximations to the exchange-correlation energy based on the model of the uniform electron gas face problems in practical applications. In this work, explicitly orbital-dependent functionals are used and a generalization of the optimized effective potential method to the CSDFT framework is presented. A simplifying approximation to the resulting integral equations for the exchange-correlation potentials is suggested. A detailed analysis of these equations is carried out for the case of open-shell atoms and numerical results are given using the exact-exchange energy functional. For zero external magnetic field, a small systematic lowering of the total energy for current-carrying states is observed due to the inclusion of the current in the Kohn-Sham scheme. For states without current, CSDFT results coincide with those of spin-density-functional theory.

Original language | American English |
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Article number | 062511 |

Journal | Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics |

Volume | 74 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2006 |

Externally published | Yes |