Orofacial injuries and mouth guard use in elite commando fighters

Yehuda Zadik*, Liran Levin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The incidence, etiology, and consequences of orofacial injuries during service were evaluated among active duty elite commando fighters in the Israel Defense Forces. Male fighters (N = 280) were interviewed. Orofacial injuries were reported by 76 (27.1%) participants, with tooth injuries as the most common: 40 (52.6%) suffered from dental fracture and 6 (7.9%) from subluxation/luxation. Overall incidence was 85.5 cases per 1,000 fighter-years. Most injuries occurred in an isolated training or operational field. Overall, 162 participants (57.9%) received a boil-and-bite mouth guard during recruitment, but only 49 (30.2%) used it regularly during training and sport activities. The prevalence of injuries among fighters who reported regular mouth guard use was smaller than among fighters who reported of no regular use (20.4% vs. 28.6%, respectively; p < 0.001). Commando fighters are highly predisposed to dental trauma, resulting in the interference of their continuous daily activity. Military health care professionals and commanders should promote mouth protection devices for high-risk populations. Reprint &

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1185-1187
Number of pages3
JournalMilitary Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'Orofacial injuries and mouth guard use in elite commando fighters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this