Orthodontic tooth movement through regenerative sites: A 25-year systematic review

Yehuda Klein, Michal Kimelman Silker, Avi Leibovich, David Polak, Ayala Stabholz, Nardy Casap, Stella Chaushu*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations


    This systematic review aimed to investigate the efficacy of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) through bone regenerated with osteoconductive grafts, together with the risk of root resorption (RR), in relation to the material and the timing of force initiation. Following PRISMA-ScR guidelines, three major electronic databases were searched (PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane). Only studies which reported on the primary outcome (OTM rate) were included. Investigations with fewer than 3 participants/groups and an absence of controls were excluded. The final sample consisted of 16 randomized and controlled clinical trials. Among them, 9 reported on RR (the secondary outcome). The articles showed substantial heterogeneity and low-moderate quality. Most studied OTM through alloplasts (7) and xenografts (8), 3 addressed allografts, 3 autografts and 6 analyzed 2 grafts. Timing for force initiation varied from 0 to 13 weeks post-grafting. Based on limited evidence, it can be cautiously concluded that most graft materials have either no impact or slightly impair OTM, with no significant increase in RR. Xenografts might impede OTM and increase RR risk. The optimal timing for force application depends on the state of bone healing. Future studies are mandatory for deciding on the ideal graft and timing for optimal OTM in each clinical setup.

    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)150-161
    Number of pages12
    JournalSeminars in Orthodontics
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - May 2024

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2023 Elsevier Inc.


    • Allograft
    • Alloplast
    • Autograft
    • Bone graft
    • Bone regeneration
    • Orthodontic tooth movement
    • Root resorption
    • Xenograft


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