Orthogonality catastrophe and shock waves in a nonequilibrium fermi gas

E. Bettelheim*, A. G. Abanov, P. Wiegmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


A semiclassical wave packet propagating in a dissipationless Fermi gas inevitably enters a "gradient catastrophe" regime, where an initially smooth front develops large gradients and undergoes a dramatic shock-wave phenomenon. The nonlinear effects in electronic transport are due to the curvature of the electronic spectrum at the Fermi surface. They can be probed by a sudden switching of a local potential. In equilibrium, this process produces a large number of particle-hole pairs, a phenomenon closely related to the orthogonality catastrophe. We study a generalization of this phenomenon to the nonequilibrium regime and show how the orthogonality catastrophe cures the gradient catastrophe, by providing a dispersive regularization mechanism.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number246402
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number24
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


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