Partial dynamical symmetry in the symplectic shell model

Jutta Escher, Amiram Leviatan

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present an example of a partial dynamical symmetry (PDS) in an interacting fermion system and demonstrate the close relationship of the associated Hamiltonians with a realistic quadrupole-quadrupole interaction, thus shedding light on this important interaction. Specifically, in the framework of the symplectic shell model of nuclei, we prove the existence of a family of fermionic Hamiltonians with partial SU(3) symmetry. We outline the construction process for the PDS eigenstates with good symmetry and give analytic expressions for the energies of these states and E2 transition strengths between them. Characteristics of both pure and mixed-symmetry PDS eigenstates are discussed and the resulting spectra and transition strengths are compared to those of real nuclei. The PDS concept is shown to be relevant to the description of prolate, oblate, as well as triaxially deformed nuclei. Similarities and differences between the fermion case and the previously established partial SU(3) symmetry in the interacting boson model are considered.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number054309
Pages (from-to)543091-5430920
Number of pages4887830
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2002

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