Participation of Children With Autism During COVID-19: The Role of Maternal Participation

Ziru Wang, Anat Golos, Jonathan A. Weiss, Dana Anaby*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Little is known about participation during adverse times. Objectives: This study described participation of children with autism aged 6 to 13 during COVID-19 pandemic and examined the extent to which child factors, mother’s own participation, and environmental barriers/supports explain child participation in home and community. Method: A total of 130 mothers completed the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth, the Health Promoting Activities Scale, functional issues checklist, and sociodemographic questionnaire. Results: Children’s participation frequency and involvement were significantly higher at home than in the community. In both settings, mothers desired change in 71% of activities. Multiple regression models indicated that child’s age and mother’s participation frequency significantly explained child’s home involvement (R2 = 21%), where mother’s participation (frequency) had a unique contribution (ΔR2 = 10.4%) at home but not in the community. Conclusion: Findings imply the importance of maternal participation to child’s participation at home and suggest redirecting attention for enhancing family participation as a whole.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalOTJR: Occupational Therapy Journal of Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • autism
  • children
  • environment
  • pandemic
  • participation


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