Participation Patterns of Preschool Children With Intellectual Developmental Disabilities

Yafit Gilboa*, Reut Fuchs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


We aim to examine the pattern of participation of children with intellectual developmental disabilities (IDD) or global developmental delay (GDD) in comparison with typically developing preschoolers. In addition, to identify environmental and personal factors associated with their participation, 20 children with mild to moderate GDD or IDD, and 24 age- and gender-matched controls, aged 3 to 6 years, were assessed using the Assessment of Preschool Children’s Participation and the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire. Significant differences were found between the groups, both for general scales of participation and for each activity area. For the IDD/GDD group, participation was significantly negatively correlated with environmental restrictions at home. For the control group, participation was correlated with demographic variables. Typically developing children participate at a higher frequency and in a more diverse range of activities compared with children with IDD/GDD. Associations between participation and contextual factors varied depending on the child’s health condition.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalOTJR Occupation, Participation and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018.


  • environmental restriction
  • participation patterns
  • personal factors
  • preschool children


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