Patient and physician characteristics affect adherence to screening mammography: A population-based cohort study

Daniela Katz, Angela J. Tengekyon, Natan R. Kahan, Ronit Calderon-Margalit

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18 Scopus citations


Background Screening mammograms are widely recommended biennially for women between the ages of 50 and 74. Despite the benefits of screening mammograms, full adherence to recommendations falls below 75% in most developed countries. Many studies have identified individual (obesity, smoking, socio-economic status, and co-morbid conditions) and primary-care physician parameters (physician age, gender, clinic size and cost) that influence adherence, but little data exists from large population studies regarding the interaction of these individual factors. Methods We performed a historical cohort study of 44, 318 Israeli women age 56-74 using data captured from electronic medical records of a large Israeli health maintenance organization. Univariate analysis was used to examine the association between each factor and adherence (none, partial or full) with screening recommendations between 2008-2014. Multivariate analysis was used to examine the significance of these factors in combination, using binary and multinomial logistic regression. Results Among 44, 318 women, 42%, 43% and 15% were fully, partially and non-adherent to screening recommendations, respectively. Factors associated with inferior adherence identified in our population included: smoking, obesity, low body weight, low socio-economic status, depression, diabetes mellitus and infrequent physician visits, while, women with ischemic heart disease, female physicians, physicians between the ages of 40 and 60, and mediumsized clinics were associated with higher screening rates. Most factors remained significant in the multivariate analysis. Conclusions Both individual and primary-care physician factors contribute to adherence to mammography screening guidelines. Strategies to improve adherence and address disparities in mammography utilization will need to address these factors.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere0194409
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Katz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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