Pattern formation in two-frequency forced parametric waves

H. Arbell, J. Fineberg

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113 Scopus citations


We present an experimental investigation of superlattice patterns generated on the surface of a fluid via parametric forcing with two commensurate frequencies. The spatiotemporal behavior of four qualitatively different types of superlattice patterns is described in detail. These states are generated via a number of different three-wave resonant interactions. They occur either as symmetry-breaking bifurcations of hexagonal patterns composed of a single unstable mode or via nonlinear interactions between the two primary unstable modes generated by the two forcing frequencies. A coherent picture of these states together with the phase space in which they appear is presented. In addition, we describe a number of new superlattice states generated by four-wave interactions that arise when symmetry constraints rule out three-wave resonances.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002


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